Configure Dynamic Interface on WLC

A dynamic interface is simply an interface that maps a WLAN to a wired vlan or subnet.

Dynamic interfaces to be used to control and secure the traffic on the WLAN just like we would use vlans and subnets on the LAN for that purpose.

Maximum number of VLANs supported on Cisco Wireless Controllers

Wireless LAN Controllers

Max. VLAN Supported

Virtual WLC

512

WLC Module for ISR G2

16

WLC 2500 Series

16

WLC 5500 Series

512

WLC 6500 Series WISM2

512

WLC Flex 7500 Series

4096

WLC 8500 Series

4096

  • We must use tagged VLAN for Dynamic Interfaces

Configure Dynamic Interface is a very easy task either via GUI or CLI, here is the procedure:

Via GUI

GUI is the easiest way to configure multiple Dynamic interfaces on Cisco Wireless Controller. Here are the screenshots:

Choose Controller > Interfaces > New to open the Interfaces page.

New Interface

Click Apply, after this Interface > Edit page will appear, Enter the details

Untitled

 

After entering all the detail, click on Apply, That’s it.

Via CLI

Here are the basic commands to create a dynamic interface via CLI on Cisco wireless LAN Controller:

(WLAN1)  >config interface create testinterface 84
(WLAN1)  >config interface address dynamic-interface testinterface 192.168.84.1 255.255.255.0 192.168.84.254
(WLAN1)  >config interface port testinterface 1
(WLAN1)  >config interface dhcp dynamic-interface testinterface primary 192.168.99.1 secondary 192.168.99.3

Same like above I created one more dynamic interface “bde

(WLAN1)  >config interface create bde 85
(WLAN1)  >config interface address dynamic-interface bde 192.168.85.1 255.255.255.0 192.168.85.254
(WLAN1)  >config interface port bde 1
(WLAN1)  >config interface dhcp dynamic-interface bde primary 192.168.99.1 secondary 192.168.99.3


Both the ways are very easy and not so much time consuming. Its all depends on you to configure from which method.

For me:

By GUI method it takes 2-3 minutes. By CLI method it takes 3-4 minutes (Can’t remember all commands that’s the reason its taking long time).

Remembering Points to create Dynamic Interface:

  • Create a Dynamic interface and define a name and ssid.
  • Assign IP address, Subnet mask and Gateway
  • Assign a physical port number
  • And last is to config DHCP servers(Primary or secondary: atleast one is necessary)

Configure Interface Groups on Cisco WLC

Now In this post we will learn about, how to create a interface group and assign many interface to this group.

Interface groups are logical groups of interfaces. An interface can be part of multiple interface groups.  For this, first we have to create an interface group and then we can assign dynamic interfaces to it.

When many APs support the same WLAN, all users of that WLAN, on all APs connected to the same controller, are sent to the same dynamic interface. To reduce this broadcast domain. One way to achieve this reduction is to break up the WLAN into multiple segments. You can do so by associating the WLAN to an interface group rather than a single dynamic interface. This is achieved by creating a new interface group, and by choosing the already created dynamic interfaces that the group should contain. Then, map WLANs to the group.

Via GUI:

Choose Controller > Interface Groups, on main page right side click on add group

Interface Group

*Here I created interface group as ”test-bde”

Click on add.

Interface Group des

Click on the interface group “test-bde”.

Int Grp add Int

Here you can click on Add Interface and assign to Interface Group.

Via CLI:

By command line we can use these commands to configure Interface group and assign interface to this group.

(WLAN1)  >config interface group create test-bde
(WLAN1)  >config interface group description test-bde "Just for learning"
(WLAN1)  >config interface group interface add test-bde testinterface
(WLAN1)  >config interface group interface add test-bde bde

Assign Interface Group to a WLAN

After creating Dynamic interface/ interface group now we have to assign these interfaces / Interface groups to WLAN.

First of all create a WLAN and then map these interface to it:

Here is the procedure:

Via GUI:

Step1: create a WLAN

Login GUI of WLC then click on WLAN, click on Go (select Create new)

Create WLAN

Step2: Enter the details as shown in screenshot

WLAN ssid profile

Step3: Click on Apply, WLAN > Edittest-bdepage will appear.

Enable WLAN, Select Interface or Interface Group and Select Broadcast SSID (If you want to)

WLAN Status

Step4: Click on Apply

Via CLI:

By command line it’s very easy but it needs more and more practice to remember these commands:

In this example:

Mapped “bde to WLAN:

(WLAN1)  >config wlan create 7 testbde testbde
(WLAN1)  >config wlan interface 7 bde
(WLAN1)  >config wlan broadcast-ssid enable 7
(WLAN1)  >config wlan enable 7

or we can Map interface group “test-bde” to WLAN:

(WLAN1)  >config wlan create 7 testbde testbde
(WLAN1)  >config wlan interface 7 test-bde
(WLAN1)  >config wlan broadcast-ssid enable 7
(WLAN1)  >config wlan enable 7
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